A Political History of the Gambia, 1816-1994 (Rochester Studies in African History and the Diaspora)

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By Arnold Hughes

A Political background of the Gambia: 1816-1994 is the 1st whole account of the political background of the previous British West African dependency to be written. It uses a lot hitherto unconsulted or unavailable British and Gambian respectable and personal documentary resources, in addition to interviews with many Gambian politicians and previous British colonial officers. the 1st a part of the publication charts the origins and features of recent politics in colonial Bathurst (Banjul) and its growth into the Gambian inside (Protectorate) within the 20 years after global conflict II. by way of independence in 1965, older urban-based events within the capital were defeated via a brand new, rural-based political enterprise, the People's innovative social gathering (PPP). the second one a part of the publication analyzes the capacity during which the PPP, less than President Sir Dawda Jawara, succeeded in defeating either present and new rival political events and an tried coup in 1981. The e-book closes with a proof of the death of the PPP by the hands of a military coup in 1994. The e-book not just establishes these unique elements of Gambian political background, but in addition relates those to the broader neighborhood and African context, in the course of the colonial and independence sessions.

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Via 1920, he used to be operating as a dealer for S. H. Jones at Salikene within the Baddibu district of the North financial institution. fifty seven even if at the start no longer at the government Committee of the Gambia part, he it seems that served as department treasurer for a quick interval among 1920 and 1922. fifty eight 1922 Legislative Council “Election” regardless of the defection of Forster, the placement of the Gambia part seemed promising before everything of 1921. by means of the tip of 1922, issues have been very assorted. First, Governor Captain C. H. (later Sir Cecil) Armitage reappointed S. J. Forster to the council for a fourth time period in March 1922, although his predecessor, Sir Edward Cameron, who was once it sounds as if angered through Forster’s failure to wait the professional Peace Celebrations to mark the tip of worldwide battle I, had given him to appreciate that he couldn't anticipate additional nomination. yet Armitage thought of him the one articulate and worthy unofficial member of the council. He additionally defined him because the “most enlightened local member of the community,” most likely as a result of his steadfast competition to the Congress, and was once for this reason unwilling to lose his prone. fifty nine moment, and maybe extra importantly, Bathurst’s Muslims largely became opposed to the Congress following the appointment of Ousman Jeng because the first Muslim member of the Legislative Council in March 1922. The catalyst for this significant second in Gambian politics used to be the appointment of Armitage as governor in December 1920. Armitage were leader commissioner of the Northern Territories of the Gold Coast the place he was once often called a robust suggest of mainly associations. 60 He was resolute to reinforce chieftaincy in Gambia and made up our minds that after Bishop’s time period at the Legislative Council expired in November 1921, he can be changed through a Muslim leader. notwithstanding, in contrast to within the Gold Coast, the place chiefs were represented at the Legislative Council seeing that 1916, or Nigeria, the place they served at the Nigerian Council, there has been no Gambian leader with enough schooling with a purpose to take part successfully. sixty one therefore, Armitage determined to nominate a member of Bathurst’s Muslim neighborhood, yet to refer to with the chiefs sooner than making his selection; this might for that reason include an extraordinary instance of the Protectorate engaging within the political method. by way of November 1921, the governor’s plans had develop into public wisdom and rival applicants had emerged. One used to be Jeng, whose reason was once championed via Momadu N’Jai, the present Almami of Bathurst; a “Committee of Bathurst Muslims” led through Yerim N’Dure, the president of the Almami’s Advisory 90 Patrician Politics within the period of the Forsters, 1886–1941 Committee; and the long run Almami, Omar Sowe (Jeng’s father-in-law), who was once additionally a member of this Advisory Committee. sixty two the opposite candidate was once Sheikh Omar Fye, who performed a key function in Gambian politics until eventually the past due Nineteen Forties. Fye was once born in Bathurst in 1889 and was once accordingly more youthful than his rival. He used to be a Wolof and a Tijani; like Jeng, he used to be in a position to converse and write English in addition to Arabic, having possibly been knowledgeable at a challenge university.

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