Archaic Eretria: A Political and Social History from the Earliest Times to 490 BC

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By Keith G. Walker

This booklet provides for the 1st time a background of Eretria throughout the Archaic period, the city's such a lot impressive interval of political value and Keith Walker examines all of the significant parts of the city's success.

One of the main components explored is Eretria's position as a pioneer coloniser in either the Levant and the West - its early Aegaen 'island empire' anticipates that of Athens by means of greater than a century, and Eretrian delivery and alternate was once equally widespread.

Eretria's significant, certainly dominant, function within the occasions of principal Greece within the final half the 6th century, and within the occasions of the Ionian rebellion to 490 is obviously confirmed, and the tyranny of Diagoras (c.538-509), might be the golden age of the town, is totally examined.

Full documentation of literary, epigraphic and archaeological resources (most of which has formerly been inaccessible to an English speaking-audience) is equipped, making a attention-grabbing heritage and priceless source for the Greek historian.

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82m. three The channel is two plethra (c. 70m) large. For the Euripos and its recognized reversals of present: H. J. Gehrke ‘Zur Rekonstruktion antiker Seerouten: Das Beispiel des Golfs von Euboia’, Klio seventy four, 1992, 98–117. F. Geyer, Topographic und Geschichte der Insel Euboïa im Altertum, I: Bis zum Peloponnischen Kriege, Berlin, 1903 lists the traditional assets (I have used the trendy Greek translation via A. Zambalos: in AEM nine, 1962, 18–124; web page references are henceforth to this version) 29–30. four For earthquakes: Th. three, 89, 2; D. S. 12, fifty nine, 2; Str. 1, three, sixteen C58; 10, 1, nine C 447; Ion ap. Str. 1, three, 19–20 C60; Arist. Mete. 2, eight; Sen. QN four, 17, 25; for the Lelantine springs: Plin. HN four, sixty four. The Roman dictator Sulla was once only one of many that got here to Aidepsos for scientific purposes: Plut. Sull. 26. Geyer 1903, one zero one believed that the truth that the thermal springs at Aidepsos have been devoted to Herakles exhibits a truly early date for his or her use. The Eretrian deme-name may well point out the presence of hot springs: cf. D. Knoepfler, ‘Le territoire d’Érétrie at l’organisation politique de l. a. cité (démoi, chõroi, phylai)’ in M. Hansen (ed. ), Acts of the Copenhagen Polis Centre IV, Copenhagen, 1997, 362 and nn. 83–4. R. Jebb, Sophocles. ‘Trachiniae’, Cambridge, 1908, ninety eight, nn. to ll. 633–9. There are at the present time a number of impressive springs within the Eretrias even though none are indexed as hot in P. Rhodhakis and okay. Triandafillidis, Athens, (no date: c. 1965), 531. five it's the 6th biggest, after Sicily, Sardinia, Cyprus, Corsica and Crete. 6 Abantis/Abantias: Str. 10, 1, three C445; D. P. Orbis descr. 520; Eust, advert Hom. Il. pert. 536–41; Hes. fr. three; St. Byz. s. v. name. Hymn. four, 20; schol. advert loc. ; Menaikhmos ap. Plin. HN four, sixty four; Prisc. Perieg. 544 (Geog. gr. min. II 195); Nikephoros 512–54 (Geog. gr. min. II 462, ll. 12–13); Suid. s. v. Makris: Str. 10, 1, 2 C444: Agathemeros five, 25 (Geog. gr. min. II 486). Str. 10, 1, three C445; Plin. HN four, sixty four; D. P. Orbis descr. 520; name. Hymn three, 188; four, 20 and schol. advert loc. ; Scymn. 568; Eust, advert Dion. Perieg. 517; 520; Prisc. 514; schol. advert Ar. Nu. 212; Horn. Il. 2, 535 and schol. advert loc. ; A. R. 2, 392 and schol. advert loc. ; four, 1175; Agathemeros, five, 25; E. M. 389, 2 s. v; Ellopia: Str. 10, 1, three C445; Euphorion, P. Oxy. 2528; Okhe: Str. 10, 1, three C445); Khalkis: Kallidemos ap. Plin. HN four, sixty four; Khalkodontis: Plin. HN four, sixty four; Asopis: Plin. HN four, sixty four; Scymn. 569; and, after all, Euboia. For the mythology of the nymph Euboia: Eust. advert Hom. Il. pert. 2 535; cf. Str. 10, 1, three C445; Plin. HN four, sixty four; Skymn. . The heritage of Eretria to 198 BC, unpubl. PhD 567–78; Hsch. s. v. W. Wallace, thesis, Baltimore, MD, 1936a, 3–4. Abantis used to be additionally the identify of a space in Epeiros (Albania), later linked to Eretrian colonisation (Paus. five, 22, 4), in addition to the identify of 1 of the phylai (tribes) of Khalkis. 7 Ch. 7, pp. 214–17. Geyer, 1903, ninety six; 107, besides the fact that, believed that it was once less than Histiaian domination. eight Euboia lies alongside a north-west to south-east axis. If we think Eretria because the significant element for our reasons, Histiaia and Khalkis are ‘north-west’, Kyme ‘north-east’; Amarynthos and Karystos ‘south-east’ (i. e.

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